Finishing mill/ pre-finishing mill
The function of pre-finishing mill
In the process of high-speed wire-rod rolling, pre-finishing mill can improve the precision of the working piece to guarantee the product quality and avoid possible operation failure during the finishing mill section.The structure of framework
Its structure is 2 horizontal and 2 vertical (horizontal-vertical-horizontal-vertical; H-V-H-V) cantilever type, it is very compact, and the weight adjustment is more precise and reliable, and so to avoid possible twist rolling.
Pre-finishing mill is composed by 2 horizontal mills, 3 vertical loops, 2 vertical mills, safety cover and so on.Equipment structure
The role of transmission box is to transmit the moment outputted by reduction gear and motor to roll shafts. Horizontal box has a pair of cylindrical bevel gears; vertical box has a pair of additional spiral bevel gear beside a pair of cylindrical bevel gear. The spiral bevel gear speed ratio of the 2 vertical transmission boxes is different.
Each roller box has 1 upper roll shaft and 1 lower roll shaft; they are not meshed, and driven by a pair of cylindrical bevel gears in the transmission box.
A cantilever cylindrical roll shaft is fixed to each roll shaft; the roll shaft is fixed in the eccentric locking collar and sustained by the front and rear film bearing. Driven by the left and right feed screw and nut of the shaft gap adjustment device, the eccentric locking collar makes the upper and lower roll shaft open and shut symmetrically and evenly relate to the milling centre line, in so to achieve roll shaft gap adjustment. The roll shafts are made of tungsten carbide.
The roller box is installed with flange in plug-in method,
and convenient to assembly and disassembly, the roller box and transmission box are individual unites, during the installation, assemble the roller box and transmission box at the first stage and then fix the roller box inside the transmission box with screw bolt, the roller box is positioned by 2 locating pins to obtain accurate position. In this way, the installation can be done easily and with a shorter time, meanwhile, the pipework on the panel is reduced and make it easier for failure handling. 1, The roller gap is adjusted by using the eccentric locking collar, by adjusting the lead screw and nut , the eccentric locking collar will spin and then drive the roller shaft to move symmetrically, in so to achieve the adjustment of roller shaft gap. The best advantage of this adjustment method is that the central line will be kept unchanged.
2, By using the thrust bearing that fixed at the end of the roller shaft, we can effectively prevent the axial shift of the roller shaft, in so to ensure size accuracy of the product.
3, the size and structure of the roller box for horizontal framework and vertical framework are the same, all the parts are interchangeable.
4, the power transmission and speed control are conducted by a pair of spiral bevel gears in the transmission box, the reducer is omitted from the transmission system of the vertical rolling mill, so that the whole equipment is lighter and smaller.
5. As the horizontal framework is completely symmetrical, it can be rotated 180, so it can be shared by 2 production lines that located at its right and left side.
Xihu (West Lake) Dis. device
The entrance of roller box has installed scroll CZPT and slip guide, the exit of roller box just has slip guide, slip CZPT is lubricated by special lubrication device.
Main technical features
First mill input specification: F28~F31mm
Fourth mill output specification: F16~F20mm
The kinds of rolling steel: Carbon steel, high carbon steel, low alloy steel, welding steel, heading steel.
The temperature of rolling: 900~1050ºC
Transmission method: Direct current (DC) motor alone drives
The transmission parameter table of pre-finishing mill
|Ratio of speed
|Rotary speed of roll
|Maximum outside diameter mm
|Minimum outside diameter
Maximum rolling strength: ~240kN
Maximum rolling moment: ~6.2kN·m
Centre distance of roll shaft: F255mm~F291mm
Adjustment of roller gap: ±18 mm
Cooling water of roll shaft: consumption: 4×20 t/h
water pressure 0.6MPa
temperature of water coming: <30ºC
Roller box and reduction equipment adopt thin oil to lubricate, which is offered by workshop.
Pressure of oil: pressure in lubrication point 0.15~0.25MPa
Total consumption: 400 l/min
Oiliness: Mobil 533
Refined filter: 25μ
The Four Basic Components of a Screw Shaft
There are 4 basic components of a screw shaft: the Head, the Thread angle, and the Threaded shank. These components determine the length, shape, and quality of a screw. Understanding how these components work together can make purchasing screws easier. This article will cover these important factors and more. Once you know these, you can select the right type of screw for your project. If you need help choosing the correct type of screw, contact a qualified screw dealer.
The angle of a thread on a screw shaft is the difference between the 2 sides of the thread. Threads that are unified have a 60 degree angle. Screws have 2 parts: a major diameter, also known as the screw’s outside diameter, and a minor diameter, or the screw’s root diameter. A screw or nut has a major diameter and a minor diameter. Each has its own angle, but they all have 1 thing in common – the angle of thread is measured perpendicularly to the screw’s axis.
The pitch of a screw depends on the helix angle of the thread. In a single-start screw, the lead is equal to the pitch, and the thread angle of a multiple-start screw is based on the number of starts. Alternatively, you can use a square-threaded screw. Its square thread minimizes the contact surface between the nut and the screw, which improves efficiency and performance. A square thread requires fewer motors to transfer the same load, making it a good choice for heavy-duty applications.
A screw thread has 4 components. First, there is the pitch. This is the distance between the top and bottom surface of a nut. This is the distance the thread travels in a full revolution of the screw. Next, there is the pitch surface, which is the imaginary cylinder formed by the average of the crest and root height of each tooth. Next, there is the pitch angle, which is the angle between the pitch surface and the gear axis.
There are 3 types of head for screws: flat, round, and hexagonal. They are used in industrial applications and have a flat outer face and a conical interior. Some varieties have a tamper-resistant pin in the head. These are usually used in the fabrication of bicycle parts. Some are lightweight, and can be easily carried from 1 place to another. This article will explain what each type of head is used for, and how to choose the right 1 for your screw.
The major diameter is the largest diameter of the thread. This is the distance between the crest and the root of the thread. The minor diameter is the smaller diameter and is the distance between the major and minor diameters. The minor diameter is half the major diameter. The major diameter is the upper surface of the thread. The minor diameter corresponds to the lower extreme of the thread. The thread angle is proportional to the distance between the major and minor diameters.
Lead screws are a more affordable option. They are easier to manufacture and less expensive than ball screws. They are also more efficient in vertical applications and low-speed operations. Some types of lead screws are also self-locking, and have a high coefficient of friction. Lead screws also have fewer parts. These types of screw shafts are available in various sizes and shapes. If you’re wondering which type of head of screw shaft to buy, this article is for you.
Wood screws are made up of 2 parts: the head and the shank. The shank is not threaded all the way up. It is only partially threaded and contains the drive. This makes them less likely to overheat. Heads on wood screws include Oval, Round, Hex, Modified Truss, and Flat. Some of these are considered the “top” of the screw.
Screws come in many sizes and thread pitches. An M8 screw has a 1.25-mm thread pitch. The pitch indicates the distance between 2 identical threads. A pitch of 1 is greater than the other. The other is smaller and coarse. In most cases, the pitch of a screw is indicated by the letter M followed by the diameter in millimetres. Unless otherwise stated, the pitch of a screw is greater than its diameter.
Generally, the shank diameter is smaller than the head diameter. A nut with a drilled shank is commonly used. Moreover, a cotter pin nut is similar to a castle nut. Internal threads are usually created using a special tap for very hard metals. This tap must be followed by a regular tap. Slotted machine screws are usually sold packaged with nuts. Lastly, studs are often used in automotive and machine applications.
In general, screws with a metric thread are more difficult to install and remove. Fortunately, there are many different types of screw threads, which make replacing screws a breeze. In addition to these different sizes, many of these screws have safety wire holes to keep them from falling. These are just some of the differences between threaded screw and non-threaded. There are many different types of screw threads, and choosing the right 1 will depend on your needs and your budget.
There are 3 types of screw heads with points: cone, oval, and half-dog. Each point is designed for a particular application, which determines its shape and tip. For screw applications, cone, oval, and half-dog points are common. Full dog points are not common, and they are available in a limited number of sizes and lengths. According to ASTM standards, point penetration contributes as much as 15% of the total holding power of the screw, but a cone-shaped point may be more preferred in some circumstances.
There are several types of set screws, each with its own advantage. Flat-head screws reduce indentation and frequent adjustment. Dog-point screws help maintain a secure grip by securing the collar to the screw shaft. Cup-point set screws, on the other hand, provide a slip-resistant connection. The diameter of a cup-point screw is usually half of its shaft diameter. If the screw is too small, it may slack and cause the screw collar to slip.
The UNF series has a larger area for tensile stress than coarse threads and is less prone to stripping. It’s used for external threads, limited engagement, and thinner walls. When using a UNF, always use a standard tap before a specialized tap. For example, a screw with a UNF point is the same size as a type C screw but with a shorter length.
A spacer is an insulating material that sits between 2 parts and centers the shaft of a screw or other fastener. Spacers come in different sizes and shapes. Some of them are made of Teflon, which is thin and has a low coefficient of friction. Other materials used for spacers include steel, which is durable and works well in many applications. Plastic spacers are available in various thicknesses, ranging from 4.6 to 8 mm. They’re suitable for mounting gears and other items that require less contact surface.
These devices are used for precision fastening applications and are essential fastener accessories. They create clearance gaps between the 2 joined surfaces or components and enable the screw or bolt to be torqued correctly. Here’s a quick guide to help you choose the right spacer for the job. There are many different spacers available, and you should never be without one. All you need is a little research and common sense. And once you’re satisfied with your purchase, you can make a more informed decision.
A spacer is a component that allows the components to be spaced appropriately along a screw shaft. This tool is used to keep space between 2 objects, such as the spinning wheel and an adjacent metal structure. It also helps ensure that a competition game piece doesn’t rub against an adjacent metal structure. In addition to its common use, spacers can be used in many different situations. The next time you need a spacer, remember to check that the hole in your screw is threaded.
A nut is a simple device used to secure a screw shaft. The nut is fixed on each end of the screw shaft and rotates along its length. The nut is rotated by a motor, usually a stepper motor, which uses beam coupling to accommodate misalignments in the high-speed movement of the screw. Nuts are used to secure screw shafts to machined parts, and also to mount bearings on adapter sleeves and withdrawal sleeves.
There are several types of nut for screw shafts. Some have radial anti-backlash properties, which prevent unwanted radial clearances. In addition, they are designed to compensate for thread wear. Several nut styles are available, including anti-backlash radial nuts, which have a spring that pushes down on the nut’s flexible fingers. Axial anti-backlash nuts also provide thread-locking properties.
To install a ball nut, you must first align the tangs of the ball and nut. Then, you must place the adjusting nut on the shaft and tighten it against the spacer and spring washer. Then, you need to lubricate the threads, the ball grooves, and the spring washers. Once you’ve installed the nut, you can now install the ball screw assembly.
A nut for screw shaft can be made with either a ball or a socket. These types differ from hex nuts in that they don’t need end support bearings, and are rigidly mounted at the ends. These screws can also have internal cooling mechanisms to improve rigidity. In this way, they are easier to tension than rotating screws. You can also buy hollow stationary screws for rotator nut assemblies. This type is great for applications requiring high heat and wide temperature changes, but you should be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.